About Azerbaijan


Azerbaijan occupies the southeastern part of the Greater Caucasus range descending to the Caspian Sea at the stretch of 800 km. The Republic has a unique geopolitical and  geographical position, lying on the juncture of Europe and Asia (380 25"-410 55" of n.l. and 440 50"-500 52" e.l.) and retains its significance for world economic and cultural links. The total area of Azerbaijan including the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic (5.5 thousand sq. km) comprises 86.6 thousand sq.km. To the north Azerbaijan borders on Russian Federation (extending for 17.9 km), to the west with the Republic of Armenia (785 km), to the northwest with the Georgian Republic (322 km), to the southwest with Turkey (11 km) in the south with the Islamic Republic of Iran (618 km).  Azerbaijan is surrounded by mountains, occupying more than half of its territory: to the north is the Greater Caucasus with the highest peak of the country Bazaar - dyuzy - 4480m (its southeastern part reaches Azerbaijan), to the southwest is the massive Transcaucasian upland extending to Armenia and Georgia, mounted by the Lesser Caucasus, to the south the Talysh Mountains join them.
Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, is located on the western shore of the Caspian Sea and is one of Azerbaijan's largest cities. The center of Baku is the old town, which is also a fortress. Most of the walls, strengthened afterthe Russian conquest in 1806, survive. Baku is a major cultural and educational center, with a university and other institutions of higher education. One of these specializes in the petroleum and chemical industries. The basis of Baku's economy is petroleum.

Population growth rate: 0.78% (1997 est.)
Birth rate: 22.89 births/1,000 population (1997 est.)
Death rate: 9.32 deaths/1,000 population (1997 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (1997 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 80.7 deaths/1,000 live births (1997 est.)
Total fertility rate: 2.77 children born/woman (1997 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 63.52 years
male : 59.27 years
female: 67.99 years (1997 est.)
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97%
male: 99%
female: 96% (1989 est.)
Religions: Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8% (1995 est.)
note: religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; actual practicing adherents are much lower
Nationality: noun : Azerbaijani(s)
adjective: Azerbaijani
Languages: Azeri 89%, Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, other 6% (1995 est.)
Country name: conventional long form: Azerbaijani Republic
conventional short form: Azerbaijan
local long form: Azarbaycan Respublikasi
local short form : none
former: Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic
Data code: AJ
Government type: republic
National capital: Baku (Baki)
Independence: 30 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
National holiday: Independence Day, 28 May
Legal system: based on civil law system
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Judicial branch: Supreme Court
Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of blue (top), red, and green; a crescent and eight-pointed star in white are centered in red band
GDP: purchasing power parity - $11.9 billion (1996 estimate as extrapolated from World Bank estimate for 1994)
GDP - real growth rate: 1.2% (1996 est.)
GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,550 (1996 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 26%
industry : 30%
services: 44% (1995 est.)
Inflation rate - consumer price index: 20% (1996 est.)
Labor force: total: 2.789 million
by occupation: agriculture and forestry 32%, industry and construction 26%, other 42% (1990)
Unemployment rate: 1.1% includes officially registered unemployed; also large numbers of unregistered unemployed and underemployed workers (December 1996)
Budget: revenues: $565 million
expenditures: $682 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1996 est.)
Industries: petroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore, cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles
Industrial production growth rate: -8% (1996 est.)
Agriculture - products: cotton, grain, rice, grapes, fruit, vegetables, tea, tobacco; cattle, pigs, sheep, goats
Exports: total value : $700 million (f.o.b., 1996 est.)
commodities: oil and gas, chemicals, oilfield equipment, textiles, cotton
partners: CIS, European countries, Turkey
Imports: total value: $900 million (c.i.f., 1996 est.)
commodities : machinery and parts, consumer durables, foodstuffs, textiles
partners: CIS, European countries, Turkey
Debt - external: $100 million (of which $75 million to Russia)
Energy Information: Country Analysis Briefs - Azerbaijan
Telephones: 710,000 (1991 est.)
Telephone system: domestic: telephone service is of poor quality and inadequate; a joint venture to establish a cellular telephone system in the Baku area is operational
international: cable and microwave radio relay connections to former Soviet republics; connection through Moscow international gateway switch to other countries; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat and 1 Intersputnik (Intelsat provides service to Turkey and through Turkey to 200 more countries; Intersputnik provides direct service to New York)
Radio broadcast stations: 1 state-owned radio broadcast station
Radios: NA
Televisions: NA
Railways: total: 2,125 km in common carrier service; does not include industrial lines
Highways: total: 57,770 km
Waterways: NA
Pipelines: crude oil 1,130 km; petroleum products 630 km; natural gas 1,240 km
Merchant marine: NA
Ports and harbors: Baku (Baki)
Transnational Issues
Disputes - international: Armenia supports ethnic Armenians in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan in the longstanding, separatist conflict against the Azerbaijani Government; Caspian Sea boundaries are not yet determined among Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan


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